A phobia is defined as an irrational and persistent fear of a situation or an object. It can also be described as kind of anxiety disorder. A phobia is characterized by a profound sense of distress and dread when you encounter the cause of your fear. Usually, a phobia is connected to something specific, unlike general anxiety disorders.
The common types of phobias include
It refers to the extreme fear of holes mostly closely packed irregular shaped holes. The people who experience this kind of phobia are known as trypophobes. This fear may seem irrational to normal people, the sheer sight of holes often set off panic attacks in trypophobes. Many times the persons affected by trypophobia avoid pretty much anything or place that that has holes in them. Although trypophobia is not yet documented as a medical disorder, it is one of the most common types of fears. Some researchers claim that trypophobia causes anxiety, itchiness, problems in catching breath and nausea.
This is the immense fear of flying, either in airplanes, helicopters, or any other flying means of transportation. The fear usually affects a person’s professional and personal life as traveling is practically unbearable for them, as with many of the phobias aerophobia often has physical and psychological effects on the person affected. The physical symptoms may include nervousness, disorientation, dizziness, irritation and thoughts of falling to death.
Ophidiophobia is the extreme fear of snakes, which is the second largest fear of animals affecting more than 30% of the population worldwide. Although most people that fear snakes can live a normal life as they don’t confront snakes under normal circumstances, there are a few people that have severe ophidiophobia that with only the mention or even images of snakes can lead to an extreme reaction which includes, uncontrollable anxiety, screaming and increased heartbeats.
This refers to the massive and often irrational fear of germ. People affected by this condition see the world as a filthy and disgusting place, and thus they indulge in excessive washing and cleaning. A mysophobic individual many a times has a habit of thinking about microbes, this is due to the fear of being infected, and this can significantly affect an individual’s life. Different symptoms may be seen in the individual including, panic attacks, nausea, irregular heartbeats, and shaking. This causes the individuals to wash and clean extremely and avoid public places with crowded people.